CentOS 7.2.1511 编译安装Nginx1.10.1+MySQL5.7.14+PHP7.0.11

准备篇

一、防火墙配置

CentOS 7.x默认使用的是firewall作为防火墙,这里改为iptables防火墙。

1、关闭firewall:

systemctl stop firewalld.service #停止firewall
systemctl disable firewalld.service #禁止firewall开机启动

2、安装iptables防火墙

yum install iptables-services #安装

vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables #编辑防火墙配置文件

# sample configuration for iptables service
# you can edit this manually or use system-config-firewall
# please do not ask us to add additional ports/services to this default configuration
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
COMMIT

:wq! #保存退出

systemctl restart iptables.service #最后重启防火墙使配置生效
systemctl enable iptables.service #设置防火墙开机启动
/usr/libexec/iptables/iptables.init restart #重启防火墙

二、关闭SELINUX

vi /etc/selinux/config
#SELINUX=enforcing #注释掉
#SELINUXTYPE=targeted #注释掉
SELINUX=disabled #增加
:wq! #保存退出
setenforce 0 #使配置立即生效

三 、系统约定

软件源代码包存放位置:/usr/local/src
源码包编译安装位置:/usr/local/软件名字

四、下载软件包

1、下载nginx
http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz
2、下载MySQL
http://cdn.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.33.tar.gz
3、下载php
http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.26.tar.gz
4、下载cmake(MySQL编译工具)
https://cmake.org/files/v3.6/cmake-3.6.2.tar.gz
5、下载pcre (支持nginx伪静态)
ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.39.tar.gz
6、下载openssl(nginx扩展)
https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2j.tar.gz
7、下载zlib(nginx扩展)
http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
8、下载libmcrypt(php扩展)
http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
9、下载yasm(php扩展)
http://www.tortall.net/projects/yasm/releases/yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz
10、t1lib(php扩展)
ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/libs/graphics/t1lib-5.1.2.tar.gz
11、下载gd库安装包
https://bitbucket.org/libgd/gd-libgd/downloads/libgd-2.1.1.tar.gz
12、libvpx(gd库需要)
http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/blfs/conglomeration/libvpx/libvpx-1.6.0.tar.bz2
13、tiff(gd库需要)
http://download.osgeo.org/libtiff/tiff-4.0.6.tar.gz
14、libpng(gd库需要)
ftp://ftp.simplesystems.org/pub/libpng/png/src/libpng16/libpng-1.6.25.tar.gz
15、freetype(gd库需要)
http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/freetype/freetype-2.7.tar.gz
16、jpegsrc(gd库需要)
http://www.ijg.org/files/jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz
17、Boost(编译mysql需要)
http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
以上软件包上传到/usr/local/src目录

五、安装编译工具及库文件(使用yum命令安装)

yum install -y apr* autoconf automake bison bzip2 bzip2* cloog-ppl compat* cpp curl curl-devel fontconfig fontconfig-devel freetype freetype* freetype-devel gcc gcc-c++ gtk+-devel gd gettext gettext-devel glibc kernel kernel-headers keyutils keyutils-libs-devel krb5-devel libcom_err-devel libpng libpng-devel libjpeg* libsepol-devel libselinux-devel libstdc++-devel libtool* libgomp libxml2 libxml2-devel libXpm* libxml* libtiff libtiff* make mpfr ncurses* ntp openssl openssl-devel patch pcre-devel perl php-common php-gd policycoreutils telnet t1lib t1lib* nasm nasm* wget zlib-devel

安装篇

以下是用putty工具远程登录到服务器,在命令行下面操作的

一、安装MySQL

1、安装cmake

cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf cmake-3.6.2.tar.gz
cd cmake-3.6.2
./configure
make
make install

2、安装MySQL

mkdir -p /usr/local/boost
cd /usr/local/src
cp boost_1_59_0.tar.gz /usr/local/boost
groupadd mysql #添加mysql组
useradd -g mysql mysql -s /bin/false #创建用户mysql并加入到mysql组,不允许mysql用户直接登录系统
mkdir -p /data/mysql #创建MySQL数据库存放目录
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql #设置MySQL数据库存放目录权限
mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql #创建MySQL安装目录
cd /usr/local/src #进入软件包存放目录
tar zxvf mysql-5.7.14.tar.gz #解压
cd mysql-5.7.14 #进入目录
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=OFF -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost
注意:可以使用-DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost参数在线安装boost软件包,需要服务器联网,容易下载失败。
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DMYSQL_USER=mysql -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=ON -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITHOUT_EXAMPLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=OFF -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost
make #编译
make install #安装
编译出错, 重新编译前要删除编译失败的文件,重新编译时,需要清除旧的对象文件和缓存信息。
make clean
rm -f CMakeCache.txt
rm -rf /etc/my.cnf #删除系统默认的配置文件(如果默认没有就不用删除)
cd /usr/local/mysql #进入MySQL安装目录
./bin/mysqld –user=mysql –initialize –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/data/mysql #生成mysql系统数据库
–initialize表示默认生成密码, –initialize-insecure 表示不生成密码, 密码为空。
看到这一行[Note] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: CSJlm3DyTG.d
cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-default.cnf   /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf #添加到/etc目录的软连接
cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #把MySQL加入系统启动
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld #增加执行权限
chkconfig mysqld on #加入开机启动
vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #编辑
basedir=/usr/local/mysql #MySQL程序安装路径
datadir=/data/mysql #MySQl数据库存放目录
:wq! #保存退出
service mysqld start #启动
vi /etc/profile #把mysql服务加入系统环境变量:在最后添加下面这一行
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin
:wq! #保存退出
source /etc/profile #使配置立刻生效

下面这两行把myslq的库文件链接到系统默认的位置,这样你在编译类似PHP等软件时可以不用指定mysql的库文件地址。

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql
mkdir /var/lib/mysql #创建目录
ln -s /tmp/mysql.sock /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock #添加软链接
mysql_secure_installation #修改Mysql密码,输入之前生成的密CSJlm3DyTG.d回车,根据提示操作。
Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: y #是否安装密码安全插件?选择y
There are three levels of password validation policy: #有以下几种密码强度选择
LOW Length >= 8
MEDIUM Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, and special characters
STRONG Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, special characters and dictionary file
Please enter 0 = LOW, 1 = MEDIUM and 2 = STRONG: 0 #选择0,只要8位数字即可,选1要有大写,小写,特殊字符等
相关操作:进入MySQL控制台
UNINSTALL PLUGIN validate_password ; #卸载密码强度插件
mysqladmin -uroot -p password 123456 #修改密码
SET PASSWORD FOR ‘root’@’localhost’ = PASSWORD(‘123456’); #登录mysql控制台修改
alter user user() identified by ‘123456’; #修改密码

二、安装Nginx

1、安装pcre

cd /usr/local/src
mkdir /usr/local/pcre
tar zxvf pcre-8.39.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.39
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre
make
make install

2、安装openssl

cd /usr/local/src
mkdir /usr/local/openssl
tar zxvf openssl-1.0.2j.tar.gz
cd openssl-1.0.2j
./config --prefix=/usr/local/openssl
make
make install
vi /etc/profile
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/openssl/bin
:wq!
source /etc/profile

3、安装zlib

cd /usr/local/src
mkdir /usr/local/zlib
tar zxvf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
cd zlib-1.2.8
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib
make
make install

4、安装Nginx
groupadd www
useradd -g www www -s /bin/false
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf nginx-1.10.1.tar.gz
cd nginx-1.10.1
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/nginx –without-http_memcached_module –user=www –group=www –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_ssl_module –with-http_gzip_static_module –with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.2j –with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8 –with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.39
注意:–with-openssl=/usr/local/src/openssl-1.0.2j –with-zlib=/usr/local/src/zlib-1.2.8 –with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.39指向的是源码包解压的路径,而不是安装的路径,否则会报错
make
make install
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx #启动Nginx

设置nginx开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #编辑启动文件添加下面内容

############################################################
#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"
[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
make_dirs() {
# make required directories
user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -`
if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
fi
options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
for opt in $options; do
if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
# echo "creating" $value
mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
fi
fi
done
}
start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
make_dirs
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}
stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc $prog -QUIT
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}
restart() {
#configtest || return $?
stop
sleep 1
start
}
reload() {
#configtest || return $?
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
killproc $nginx -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}
force_reload() {
restart
}
configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
rh_status() {
status $prog
}
rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
exit 2
esac
############################################################

:wq! #保存退出

chmod 775 /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx #赋予文件执行权限
chkconfig nginx on #设置开机启动
/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx restart #重启

在浏览器中打开服务器IP地址,会看到下面的界面,说明Nginx安装成功。

三、安装php

1、安装yasm
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf yasm-1.3.0.tar.gz
cd yasm-1.3.0
./configure
make
make install
2、安装libmcrypt
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
./configure
make
make install
3、安装libvpx
cd /usr/local/src
tar xvf libvpx-1.6.0.tar.bz2
cd libvpx-1.6.0
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libvpx –enable-shared –enable-vp9
make
make install
4、安装tiff
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf tiff-4.0.6.tar.gz
cd tiff-4.0.6
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/tiff –enable-shared
make
make install
5、安装libpng
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf libpng-1.6.25.tar.gz
cd libpng-1.6.25
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libpng –enable-shared
make
make install
6、安装freetype
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf freetype-2.7.tar.gz
cd freetype-2.7
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/freetype –enable-shared
make
make install
7、安装jpeg
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf jpegsrc.v9b.tar.gz
cd jpeg-9b
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/jpeg –enable-shared
make
make install
8、安装libgd
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf libgd-2.1.1.tar.gz
cd libgd-2.1.1
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/libgd –enable-shared –with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg –with-png=/usr/local/libpng –with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype –with-fontconfig=/usr/local/freetype –with-xpm=/usr/ –with-tiff=/usr/local/tiff –with-vpx=/usr/local/libvpx
make
make install
说明:如果libgd编译失败,可以先跳过,直接使用系统默认的2.1.0版本,在编译php的时候把参数–with-gd=/usr/local/libgd修改为–with-gd即可。
9、安装t1lib
cd /usr/local/src
tar zxvf t1lib-5.1.2.tar.gz
cd t1lib-5.1.2
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/t1lib –enable-shared
make without_doc
make install
10、安装php
注意:如果系统是64位,请执行以下命令,否则安装php会出错。

\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libltdl.so* /usr/lib/
\cp -frp /usr/lib64/libXpm.so* /usr/lib/
cd /usr/local/src
tar -zvxf php-7.0.11.tar.gz
cd php-7.0.11
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/libgd/lib
./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc –with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config –with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock –with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql –with-gd=/usr/local/libgd –with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng –with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg –with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype –with-xpm-dir=/usr/lib64 –with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib –with-iconv –enable-libxml –enable-xml –enable-bcmath –enable-shmop –enable-sysvsem –enable-inline-optimization –enable-opcache –enable-mbregex –enable-fpm –enable-mbstring –enable-ftp –enable-gd-native-ttf –with-openssl –enable-pcntl –enable-sockets –with-xmlrpc –enable-zip –enable-soap –without-pear –with-gettext –enable-session –with-mcrypt –with-curl –enable-ctype –enable-mysqlnd
make #编译
make install #安装
cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini #复制php配置文件到安装目录
rm -rf /etc/php.ini #删除系统自带配置文件
ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini #添加软链接到 /etc目录
cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf #拷贝模板文件为php-fpm配置文件
ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf #添加软连接到 /etc目录
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑
pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号
:wq! #保存退出
cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf #编辑
user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www
group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www
设置 php-fpm开机启动
cp /usr/local/src/php-7.0.11/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #拷贝php-fpm到启动目录
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #添加执行权限
chkconfig php-fpm on #设置开机启动
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件
找到:disable_functions =
修改为:disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,ini_alter,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,stream_socket_server,escapeshellcmd,dll,popen,disk_free_space,checkdnsrr,checkdnsrr,getservbyname,getservbyport,disk_total_space,posix_ctermid,posix_get_last_error,posix_getcwd, posix_getegid,posix_geteuid,posix_getgid, posix_getgrgid,posix_getgrnam,posix_getgroups,posix_getlogin,posix_getpgid,posix_getpgrp,posix_getpid, posix_getppid,posix_getpwnam,posix_getpwuid, posix_getrlimit, posix_getsid,posix_getuid,posix_isatty, posix_kill,posix_mkfifo,posix_setegid,posix_seteuid,posix_setgid, posix_setpgid,posix_setsid,posix_setuid,posix_strerror,posix_times,posix_ttyname,posix_uname
#列出PHP可以禁用的函数,如果某些程序需要用到这个函数,可以删除,取消禁用。
找到:;date.timezone =
修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区
找到:expose_php = On
修改为:expose_php = Off #禁止显示php版本的信息
找到:short_open_tag = Off
修改为:short_open_tag = ON #支持php短标签
找到opcache.enable=0
修改为opcache.enable=1 #php支持opcode缓存
找到:;opcache.enable_cli=1 #php支持opcode缓存
修改为:opcache.enable_cli=0
在最后一行添加:zend_extension=opcache.so #开启opcode缓存功能
:wq! #保存退出
配置nginx支持php
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
修改/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 配置文件,需做如下修改
user www www; #首行user去掉注释,修改Nginx运行组为www www;必须与/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf中的user,group配置相同,否则php运行出错
index index.html index.htm index.php; #添加index.php
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
location ~ \.php$ {
root html;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}
#取消FastCGI server部分location的注释,注意fastcgi_param行的参数,改为$document_root$fastcgi_script_name,或者使用绝对路径
/etc/init.d/nginx restart #重启nginx
service php-fpm start #启动php-fpm
测试篇
cd /usr/local/nginx/html/ #进入nginx默认网站根目录
rm -rf /usr/local/nginx/html/* #删除默认测试页
vi index.php #新建index.php文件

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

:wq! #保存退出
chown www.www /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #设置目录所有者
chmod 700 /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #设置目录权限
在浏览器中打开服务器IP地址,会看到下面的界面

至此,CentOS 7.2.1511编译安装Nginx1.10.1+MySQL5.7.14+PHP7.0.11教程完成。

本站大部分内容来自网络和网友投稿,如果侵犯了您的权益,请与我们联系,QQ:1101201144:Nginx开发与运维 » CentOS 7.2.1511 编译安装Nginx1.10.1+MySQL5.7.14+PHP7.0.11

赞 (0)

评论 0

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址