Windows下Nginx的配置及配置文件部分介绍

一、在官网下载 nginx的Windows版本,官网下载:http://nginx.org/download/

选择你自己想要的版本下载,解压 nginx(例如nginx-1.6.3) 包到你的window盘里的目录上。

执行下列操作:(需要记住的,会经常用到)

nginx -s stop          // 停止nginx
nginx -s reload       // 重新加载配置文件
nginx -s quit          // 退出nginx

二、接下来就是配置nginx的conf文件了。nginx需要配置的东西也就是在conf文件中,现在介绍下了解下conf文件的配置

#user nobody;
worker_processes 2;  #进程数,初始可设置为cpu总核数
#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;
#pid logs/nginx.pid; #用于管理nginx进程
events {
worker_connections 1024; #单个worker进程最大连接数
}
http {  
include mime.types; #文件扩展名与文件类型映射表
default_type application/octet-stream; #默认文件类型
#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
#access_log logs/access.log main;
sendfile on;  #开启高效文件传输模式,实现内核零拷贝
#tcp_nopush on;
#keepalive_timeout 0;
keepalive_timeout 65; #连接超时时间,单位是秒
#gzip on;
server {
listen 8089; #连接的端口号
server_name localhost;
autoindex on;
#charset koi8-r;
#access_log logs/host.access.log main;
#下面的就是你接收传输文件的格式要求了,根据你的需要来用,下面我使用来接收图片(jpg...)
location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp)$ { 
expires 24h; #客户端缓存上述静态数据
root C:/resources/images/; #文件路径
access_log C:/nginx-1.6.3/logs/log_test.log;
proxy_store on; 
proxy_store_access user:rw group:rw all:rw; 
proxy_temp_path C:/resources/images/;#文件路径
proxy_redirect off; 
#autoindex on;
proxy_set_header Host 127.0.0.1; #填写你的ip
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr; 
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; 
client_max_body_size 10m; 
client_body_buffer_size 1280k; 
proxy_connect_timeout 900; 
proxy_send_timeout 900; 
proxy_read_timeout 900; 
proxy_buffer_size 400k; 
proxy_buffers 40 320k; 
proxy_busy_buffers_size 640k; 
proxy_temp_file_write_size 640k; 
if ( !-e $request_filename) 
{ 
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8089; 
} 
}
#下面是我拿来传输mp3格式的配置
location ~* .(mp3)$ {
expires 24h; 
root C:/resources/voice/; #文件路径
proxy_store on; 
proxy_store_access user:rw group:rw all:rw; 
proxy_temp_path C:/resources/voice/;#文件路径
proxy_redirect off; 
proxy_set_header Host 127.0.0.1; 
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr; 
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for; 
client_max_body_size 10m; 
client_body_buffer_size 1280k; 
proxy_connect_timeout 900; 
proxy_send_timeout 900; 
proxy_read_timeout 900; 
proxy_buffer_size 40k; 
proxy_buffers 40 320k; 
proxy_busy_buffers_size 640k; 
proxy_temp_file_write_size 640k; 
if ( !-e $request_filename) 
{ 
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8089 ; 
} 
}
location / {
root html;
index index.html index.htm;
}
#error_page 404 /404.html;
# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}
# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}
# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}
# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;
# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}
#下面是配置https
# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443 ssl;
# server_name localhost;
# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;
# ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
# ssl_session_timeout 5m;
# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}
}

3.注意事项

会遇到的问题:

1.配置完conf后,你启动nginx启动不了,说明是你conf文件配置有错误,你需要回去检查下。比如{} 少了,文件路径名不对等等。

2.有时会根据需要用到http和https   整个配置文件你只需要配置到http {   }里面和https{}里面的东西就行。

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